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Paediatric TB/HIV Project

Paediatric TB/HIV Project

Our pilot of the Paediatric TB Project, which was funded by the PEPFAR programme since 2007, ended in 2014. In the past six years, the project made serious strides in three fundamental areas geared toward improving the diagnosis of tuberculosis in children in Botswana:


  • Improved sputum collection in children
  • Expansion of information, education and communication materials, and
  • Development of a monitoring and evaluation system, resulting in the compilation of evidence that supports the Paediatric TB diagnostic algorithm.

Our experience and expertise in paediatric sputum induction was shared with other BIPAI COEs in Lesotho and Tanzania as we trained their physicians and nurses.

Sputum Induction Training

During the past year, six sputum induction training workshops were successfully completed, reaching a total of 125 health care workers. Sputum induction was introduced to three new sites: Mahalapye District Hospital, Palapye Primary Hospital and Selibe Phikwe Primary Hospital. In the original pilot sites of Princess Marina Hospital, Letsholathebe II Memorial Hospital, Sekgoma II Memorial Hospital and Nyangabgwe Referral Hospital, Botswana- Baylor staff successfully transitioned sputum induction training responsibilities to trained local staff. In January 2014, the Botswana-Baylor team conducted a four- day sputum induction training for Baylor Lesotho in Maseru, Lesotho.

A total of 999 health care workers have been trained in the past six years.


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